On January 5, 2006 President Bush signed Section 113 of the Violence against Women Act into law. It amends 47 U.S.C. 223, the telecommunications harassment statute that is rooted in the Communications Act of 1934.
The telecommunications statue bans anyone from using a telephone or a telecommunications device without disclosing their identity and with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten, or harass any person. This applies to Internet-based communications as well. (Section 113 amends the statute to include “any device or software that can be used to originate telecommunications or other types of communications that are transmitted, in whole or in part, by the Internet.)